Leaders throughout Maryland and the Chesapeake Bay watershed are at a critical point in efforts to protect and restore one of the most remarkable and productive natural resources in the world.
Background and Objective
In 2007, State leaders in Maryland took a bold step in their efforts to restore the Chesapeake Bay with the creation of the Chesapeake and Atlantic Coastal Bays Trust Fund (Trust Fund). The Trust Fund allows Maryland to accelerate Bay restoration by focusing limited financial resources on the most effective non-point source pollution control projects. Dollars for the Trust Fund are generated through motor fuel tax and rental car tax in Maryland. It is anticipated that when fully-funded, the Trust Fund will generate $50M annually.
Trust Fund to Date
The Chesapeake and Atlantic Coastal Bays Trust Fund is one of the region's most important funding tools targeting water quality, and watershed restoration and protection projects to reduce non point source pollution. The goal of BayStat each year is to identify projects and develop a work plan designed to maximize the Trust Fund’s environmental return on investment, thereby serving as a model of restoration financing efficiency and effectiveness critical to achieving the goals under EPA's Total Maximum Daily Load (TMDL) requirements within the State's Watershed Implementation Plan (WIP). These investments also create green jobs, and provide habitat, mitigate flood hazards, and prevent soil erosion.
Between Fiscal Year 2009-12 the State has provided $63.1 Million dollars generated through motor fuel excise tax and rental car tax in Maryland to accelerate Bay restoration by focusing limited financial resources on the most effective non-point source pollution control projects. FY 2009-12 Highlights include:
- From Fiscal Year 2009-12, the Trust Fund prevented 3.56 million lbs of Nitrogen, 335,000 lbs of Phosphorus, and 478 tons of Sediment from annually harming the Bay.
- From Fiscal Year 2009-12, the Trust Fund provided $3.48M to support 16 Soil Conservation District positions critical to the implementation of agricultural best management practices as identified in the State and local WIPs.
- From Fiscal Year 2009-12, the Trust Fund leveraged $86M of Federal, State and Local funds to support Chesapeake Bay clean up efforts.
In addition to the on-the-ground fixes that need to happen now, the Trust Fund promotes the development of new technologies that could accelerate Bay restoration efforts. To learn more about Maryland’s investments in innovation please visit http://www.dnr.state.md.us/ccp/intechfund.asp.
For a detailed look at specific projects and their nutrient and sediment reduction impacts, you can view the Annual Report to the Maryland General Assembly, “Chesapeake and Atlantic Coastal Bays Trust Fund SFY 2015 Annual Workplan”.
In addition to the work and expenditure plan, which captures information on an annual basis, Chesapeake & Coastal Program is working on an interactive online mapping tool. The Trust Fund mapper will allow you to track project and spending progress on projects of interest and in your area. Click here to access the Trust Fund mapping tool.
Chesapeake and Atlantic Coastal Bays Trust Fund SFY 2010 -2012 Annual Workplan
2012 Local Implementation Grant Request for Proposals
Innovative Technology Fund
Archived Trust Fund Annual Workplans
Technical Assistance through the Watershed Assistance Collaborative
In response to the charge of the Trust Fund, Maryland has established programs and services that connect Maryland communities interested in undertaking comprehensive watershed restoration projects to appropriate resources. The Watershed Assistance Collaborative assists local communities with watershed protection and restoration planning and implementation by integrating partners, leveraging funds, and providing new tools and resources. Key partnerships with the State include the University of Maryland SeaGrant Extension, Environmental Finance Center, and the Chesapeake Bay Trust. Federal partners include the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) and the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). The Collaborative offers funding for technical assistance, outreach and training opportunities, and on-the-ground personnel to augment local level nonpoint source activities and projects. For more information on the Watershed Assistance Collaborative, please click here.
Measuring the Impact of Trust Fund Projects
Best Management Practices (BMPs) are practical structural or nonstructural methods designed to prevent or reduce the movement of pollutants from land to surface and/or ground waters. Evaluating BMP effectiveness is necessary for demonstrating whether projects actually reduce pollutant yields. The current monitoring strategy indicates that BMPs implemented in Trust Fund projects must demonstrate a water quality response (e.g., improvement in water quality) within three years of completion. Monitoring water quality both before and after BMP implementation is a preferred and effective method that can be used to evaluate the pollutant reduction capabilities. For more information on the Trust Fund projects and monitoring effectiveness click here.
Chesapeake & Coastal Service
Maryland Department of Natural Resources
Tawes State Office Building, E-2
580 Taylor Avenue
Annapolis, Maryland 21401