Maryland Fish Facts

Welcome to fish facts, a collection of information about the wide variety of fish you can find in the state of Maryland. Below are listings of fish and aquatic life that are common to Maryland waters. The individual fact sheets provide identification information as well as where you can find the species, what they eat, breeding patterns and resource concerns.

Before you go fishing, make sure you know the rules and regulations for the individual species, so you know if you are allowed to catch them, how big they must be and when it is legal to do so.

American Eel
Anguilla rostrata
American Eel Longnose Gar
Lepisosteus osseus
Longnose gar
American Shad
Alosa sapidissima
American Shad Menhaden
Brevoortia tyrannus
American Gizzard Shad
Dorosoma cepedianum
Gizzard Shad Monkfish
Lophius americanus
Atlantic Croaker
Micropogonias undulatus
Atlantic Croaker Northern Pike
Esox lucius
Northern Pike
Atlantic Sturgeon
Acipenser oxyrhinchus
Atlantic sturgeon Rainbow Trout
Oncorhynchus mykiss
Rainbow trout
Black Drum
Pogonias cromis
Black Drum Red Drum
Sciaenops ocellatas
Red Drum
Black Sea Bass
Centropristis striatus
Black Sea Bass River Herring
Alosa pseudoharengus
& Alosa aestivalis
Pomatomus saltatrix
Blue Fish Smallmouth Bass
Micropterus dolomieu
Smallmouth Bass
Lepomis macrochirus
Bluegill Spiny Dogfish Shark
Squalus acanthias
Spiny Dogfish Shark
Brook Trout
Salvelinus fontinalis
Brook Trout Spot
Leiostomus xanthurus
Brown Trout
Salmo trutta
Brown Trout Spotted Seatrout
Cynoscion nebulosus
Spotted Seatrout
Blue Catfish
Ictalurus furcatus
Bluecatfish Striped Bass/Rockfish
Morone saxatilis
Striped Bass
Channel Catfish
Ictalurus punctatus
Channel Catfish Striped Burrfish
Chilomycterus schoepfii
Stripped Burrfish
White Catfish
Ictaluarus catus
Whiter catfish Tiger Muskie
Esox masquinongy x Esox lucius
Chain Pickerel
Esox niger
Chain Pickerel Walleye
Stizostedion vitreum
Common Carp
Cyprinus carpio carpio
Common Carp Weakfish
Cynoscion regalis
Summer Flounder
Paralichthyus dentatus
Summer Flounder White Marlin
Tetrapturus albidus
White Marlin
Hickory Shad
Alosa mediocris
Hickory Shad White Perch
Morone americana
White Perch
Largemouth Bass
Micropterus salmoides
Largemouth Bass Yellow Perch
Perca flavescens
Yellow Perch


Bay Scallop
Argopecten irradians
Bay scallop Blue Crab
Callinectes sapidus
Eastern Oyster
Crassostrea virginica
Eastern Oyster Horseshoe Crab
Limulus polyphemus
Horseshoe Crab
Hard-shell Clam
Mercenaria mercenaria
Hard-shell Clam

You can find more information on these species and others at the following link with the DNR's Chesapeake and Coastal Bay Life:

The Fisheries Service also has information available online that provides survey data of juveniles of various species from the striped bass seine survey. Please check out the information at:

Interested in the Snakehead?
Northern Snakehead

Channa argus
Check out this snakehead page for more information