Key Distinguishing Markings:
- Largemouth Bass can be recognized by the lower jaw which extends past the back edge of the eye.
- It is dark green above with silvery sides and belly.
- A dark stripe runs across its body.
- Largemouth Bass has been known to reach a weight of over 20 pounds.
- Orginally, Great Lake and Mississippi River basins; the species is now found throughout North America and the world.
- Largemouth Bass is found in all waters of Maryland from freshwater to brackish (a mix of fresh and saltwater) waters.
- Largemouth Bass is found in all waters of Maryland from freshwater to
(a mix of fresh and saltwater) waters.
- They like large, slow moving rivers or streams with soft bottoms.
- They especially like clear water.
- Greedy carnivores (meat eating), Largemouth Bass feasts on minnows, perch, sunfish, gizzard shad, small mammals, insects, frogs and occasionally snakes.
- Adult fish feed near water plants or other structures in shallow waters.
- Largemouth Bass spawns as early as March or as late as June, depending on water temperature.
- The males build saucer shaped nests 20 - 30 inches in diameter.
- The male guards the nest and eggs from all intruders, until the fish hatch.
- Largemouth Bass may live for 13 years.
- These fish are an extremely popular sport fish.
- They are excellent fighters when caught on light spinning tackle.
- Good baits for catching largemouth bass include live minnows, night crawlers, and a variety of artificial lures.
- Popular methods of fishing are fly-fishing, bait casting, or bottom fishing.
- For current recreational size and creel limits, see Maryland's updated regulation page.
- This species is considered the most popular sportfish in the United States.
- Largemouth Bass fishing tournaments have become very popular in recent years.
Family: Centrarchidae (Sunfishes)
Order: Perciformes (perch-likes)
Class: Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes)
Illustration Courtesy of Duanne Rivers, USFWS