Atlantic Hardwoods Forest Association
The Appalachian hardwoods forest association is found on north- and east-facing slopes of the Appalachian Plateau Province in Maryland. This association occupies cooler moister sites. It is not commonly found further east. However, some small pockets occur in coves in western Montgomery County.
Characteristic tree species include:
Associated tree species include:
Understory plants include:
Herbaceous plants include:
Since many of these species are not tolerant of shady conditions, tree regeneration requires full sunlight on the forest floor. Therefore, maintaining this association depends on removal of the entire canopy within a short period of time. The disturbance can be natural or planned. If some degree of canopy cover remains intact, this community will gradually convert to a northern hardwoods forest association.