Virginia Pine-Oak Forest Association
The Virginia pine-oak forest association is found throughout Maryland. It is most commonly found on the Piedmont Plateau and the Coastal Plain. Primarily, it occurs on old fields and other well-drained sites. It represents a transition from areas with almost pure Virginia pine to oaks and other hardwoods that tolerate shady conditions.
Characteristic tree species include:
Associated tree species include: shortleaf pine, pitch pine, Table-Mountain pine, yellow-poplar, blackgum, red maple, persimmon, winged elm, hickory, and sourwood.
Understory plants include:
Herbaceous plants include:
Without disturbance or with partial removal of the overstory, this community will gradually convert to an oak-hickory forest association. The Virginia pine-oak forest association can be maintained if oak regeneration is established before the entire overstory is removed naturally or by a planned treatment.