Ecological Assessment
Socioeconomic Assessment
Vulnerability Assessment
Programmatic Assessment
Criteria and Indicators for Sustainability
Data & Indicators

Criterion 2: Maintenance of productive capacity of forest ecosystems

Forest ecosystems are important natural systems that provide a wide range of goods and services to humans. Historically, one of the most important goods they provide is timber, but they also produce many non-timber resources as well. Ferns in shaded forest These non-timber goods include game, furbearers, syrup, mushrooms, berries, medicinal plants, vines, novelties like mistletoe, and other products. Forests also provide many valuable ecosystem services, such as carbon and nutrient uptake, soil conservation, water supply, recreation, and habitat for wildlife.

The ability of a forest to provide these goods and services is linked to its productive capacity. The productive capacity of a forest is a good indicator of its overall health. Declines in capacity may indicate poor forest management practices, over- harvesting, or other problems, such as acid rain, insects, or disease. These factors will negatively impact the level of goods and services provided. To manage a forest sustainably, annual forest growth (in-growth) should at least meet, or preferably exceed, the amount harvested (drain). This approach can be applied to both timber and non-timber resources. Losses in productivity can be a bellwether of systemic problems in the forest. Therefore, it is very important that the productivity of Maryland’s forests be determined, monitored, and compared with historic productivity levels to ensure that over-harvesting or other environmental problems do not arise.

Indicator 1: Forest Cover
Indicator 2: Soil Productivity—Average Site Index
Indicator 3: Forest Loss to Development 1997-2000
Indicator 4: Projected Watershed Character Year 2020

Criterion 1     Criterion 3