Forest Cover

The Indicator

Maryland was once more than 90% forested; the reduction to about 41% forest cover today is shown in this indicator, which also demonstrates the uneven distribution of remaining forest cover and the concentration of forested wetlands on the Eastern Shore. The greatest variety of forest types is apparent in Worcester County. The dominant non-forest land cover in Western Maryland and on the Eastern Shore is agriculture, while the dominance of the Baltimore-Washington metropolitan corridor is clearly evident across the central portion of the State. Substantial remnants of the urban forest are clearly evident in the metropolitan areas.

This indicator was mapped from the National Land Cover Data set (NLCD) maintained by the U. S. Geological Survey.

Indicator Use

This indicator is the foundation for many of the indicators in the Strategic Forest Lands Assessment—it is the starting point for analysis and the basis for evaluating further change and the success of programs intended to improve forest cover in Maryland.

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