Locations of Sawmills and Logging Facilities

The Indicator

Because of high transportation costs, sawmills are usually located relatively close to where timber is harvested. Forested areas closer to primary processing mills, such as sawmills or pulp mills, are more likely to be important sourcing areas than are those areas farther away. In fact, most forest land in Maryland is within 10 miles of one of the roughly 100 mills shown as active in this indicator. Many of these mills are small; some in the central part of the State serve primarily final cuts preceding land development activities. Mills in the northern and western parts of the State process primarily hardwoods, while those on the Lower Eastern Shore deal mostly with pine—the high value timber types in their regions.

Locations of sawmills were derived from forest product operators’ licenses issued by the Maryland Forest Service. Distances around these points were calculated in a Geographic Information System.

Indicator Use

Forested areas closer to primary processing mills, such as sawmills or pulp mills, are more likely to be important sourcing areas than are those areas farther away. Maintaining these mills as functioning operations is an important factor in maintaining forest management in their sourcing areas.

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