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Maryland Trails Clearinghouse & Directory

Funding for Trails in Maryland

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The Recreational Trails Program (RTP)

The Recreational Trails Program (RTP) provides funds to the States to develop and maintain recreational trails and trail-related facilities for both non-motorized and motorized recreational trail uses. The RTP is an assistance program of the Department of Transportation's Federal Highway Administration (FHWA). Federal transportation funds benefit recreation including hiking, bicycling, in-line skating, equestrian use, cross-country skiing, snowmobiling, off-road motorcycling, all-terrain vehicle riding, four-wheel driving, or using other off-road motorized vehicles.

Maryland received $1,158,618 in RTP funds in 2010, and $5,622,664 over the course of the last five years.

In the fall of 2010, Governor Martin O’Malley announced the results of the first-ever comprehensive Maryland State Parks Economic Impact and Visitors Study at a meeting with stakeholders at New Germany State Park. According to the study, Maryland State Parks have an estimated annual economic benefit to local economies and the State of more than $650 million annually.

  • Each year, a network of 66 Maryland State Parks welcomes nearly 10 million day visitors and 1 million visitors who stay overnight in campgrounds and cabins.
  • Maryland State Park visitors directly spend more than $567 million during their trips to State Parks, producing a total economic impact of more than $650 million annually.
  • State park visitor spending supported more than 10,000 full-time jobs and generated more than $39 million in state and local retail, gasoline, hotel, and income taxes.
  • 70 percent of spending and employment impacts are concentrated within 20 minutes of State Parks in local, "gateway communities," often in rural settings.
  • 49 percent of overnight visitors and 29 percent of day visitors are from out-of-state.
  • 95 percent of day visitors and 94 percent of overnight visitors had expectations met or exceeded during their trip to a Maryland State Park.
  • 48 percent of day visitors and 63 percent of overnight visitors come to the State Parks with children. One in 10 groups came with five or more kids.
  • Visitors ranked hiking/walking as the most popular activity in State Parks during the time of the survey followed by: general relaxation, swimming, sightseeing, and picnicking/cooking out.
  • More than 90 percent of survey respondents agree or strongly agree that Maryland State Parks offer a safe and affordable way to escape from stress, connect with nature, and offer a positive experience for their children.
  • “This report demonstrates that Maryland’s network of 66 State Parks is a tremendous asset to our State, providing both exciting recreational opportunities to residents and visitors and significant economic benefits.” said Governor O’Malley. “The impact of visitor spending in our communities proves that our investments in visitor experiences provide valuable returns — including job creation —that help keep Maryland smart, green and growing."

    Funding Sources for Bicycle and Pedestrian Projects
     

    Bicycle and pedestrian projects are broadly eligible for funding from almost all the major Federal-aid highway, transit, safety, and other programs. Bicycle projects must be "principally for transportation, rather than recreation, purposes" and must be designed and located pursuant to the transportation plans required of States and Metropolitan Planning Organizations.

    Federal-aid Highway Program

    National Highway System funds may be used to construct bicycle transportation facilities and pedestrian walkways on land adjacent to any highway on the National Highway System, including Interstate highways. 23 USC Section 217 (b)

    Surface Transportation Program (STP) funds may be used for either the construction of bicycle transportation facilities and pedestrian walkways, or nonconstruction projects (such as maps, brochures, and public service announcements) related to safe bicycle use and walking. SAFETEA-LU added "the modification of public sidewalks to comply with the Americans with Disabilities Act" as an activity that is specifically eligible for the use of these funds. 23 USC Section 217 (a)

    Ten percent of each State's annual STP funds are set-aside for Transportation Enhancement Activities (TEAs). The law provides a specific list of activities that are eligible TEAs and this includes "provision of facilities for pedestrians and bicycles, provision of safety and educational activities for pedestrians and bicyclists," and the "preservation of abandoned railway corridors (including the conversion and use thereof for pedestrian and bicycle trails)." 23 USC Section 109 (a)(35)

    Another 10 percent of each State's STP funds is set-aside for the Hazard Elimination and Railway-Highway Crossing programs, which address bicycle and pedestrian safety issues. Each State is required to implement a Hazard Elimination Program to identify and correct locations which may constitute a danger to motorists, bicyclists, and pedestrians. Funds may be used for activities including a survey of hazardous locations and for projects on any publicly owned bicycle or pedestrian pathway or trail, or any safety-related traffic calming measure. Improvements to railway-highway crossings "shall take into account bicycle safety." 23 USC Section 152

    Congestion Mitigation and Air Quality Improvement Program funds may be used for either the construction of bicycle transportation facilities and pedestrian walkways, or nonconstruction projects (such as maps, brochures, and public service announcements) related to safe bicycle use. 23 USC Section 217 (a)

    Recreational Trails Program funds may be used for all kinds of trail projects. Of the funds apportioned to a State, 30 percent must be used for motorized trail uses, 30 percent for nonmotorized trail uses, and 40 percent for diverse trail uses (any combination). 23 USC Section 206

    Provisions for pedestrians and bicyclists are eligible under the various categories of the Federal Lands Highway Program in conjunction with roads, highways, and parkways. Priority for funding projects is determined by the appropriate Federal Land Agency or Tribal government. 23 USC Section 204

    National Scenic Byways Program funds may be used for "construction along a scenic byway of a facility for pedestrians and bicyclists." 23 USC Section 162 (c)(4)

    Job Access and Reverse Commute Grants are available to support projects, including bicycle-related services, designed to transport welfare recipients and eligible low-income individuals to and from employment. SAFETEA-LU Section 3037

    High Priority Projects and Designated Transportation Enhancement Activities identified by Section 1602 of SAFETEA-LU include numerous bicycle, pedestrian, trail, and traffic calming projects in communities throughout the country.

    Federal Transit Program

    Title 49 U.S.C. (as amended by SAFETEA-LU) allows the Urbanized Area Formula Grants, Capital Investment Grants and Loans, and Formula Program for Other than Urbanized Area transit funds to be used for improving bicycle and pedestrian access to transit facilities and vehicles. Eligible activities include investments in "pedestrian and bicycle access to a mass transportation facility" that establishes or enhances coordination between mass transportation and other transportation. 49 USC Section 5307

    SAFETEA-LU also created a Transit Enhancement Activity program with a one percent set-aside of Urbanized Area Formula Grant funds designated for, among other things, pedestrian access and walkways, and "bicycle access, including bicycle storage facilities and installing equipment for transporting bicycles on mass transportation vehicles". 49 USC Section 5307(k)

    Highway Safety Programs

    Pedestrian and bicyclist safety remain priority areas for State and Community Highway Safety Grants funded by the Section 402 formula grant program. A State is eligible for these grants by submitting a Performance plan (establishing goals and performance measures for improving highway safety) and a Highway Safety Plan (describing activities to achieve those goals). 23 USC Section 402

    Research, development, demonstrations and training to improve highway safety (including bicycle and pedestrian safety) is carried out under the Highway Safety Research and Development (Section 403) program. 23 USC Section 403

    Federal/State Matching Requirements

    In general, the Federal share of the costs of transportation projects is 80 percent with a 20 percent State or local match. However, there are a number of exceptions to this rule.

  • Federal Lands Highway projects and Section 402 Highway Safety funds are 100 percent Federally funded.
  • Bicycle-related Transit Enhancement Activities are 95 percent Federally funded.
  • Hazard elimination projects are 90 percent Federally funded. Bicycle-related transit projects (other than Transit Enhancement Activities) may be up to 90 percent Federally funded.
  • Individual Transportation Enhancement Activity projects under the STP can have a match higher or lower than 80 percent. However, the overall Federal share of each State's Transportation Enhancement Program must be 80 percent.
  • States with higher percentages of Federal Lands have higher Federal shares calculated in proportion to their percentage of Federal lands.
  • The State and/or local funds used to match Federal-aid highway projects may include in-kind contributions (such as donations). Funds from other Federal programs may also be used to match Transportation Enhancement, Scenic Byways, and Recreational Trails program funds. A Federal agency project sponsor may provide matching funds to Recreational Trails funds provided the Federal share does not exceed 95 percent.
  • Maryland Funding
     

    Maryland Department of Transportation

    MDOT's New Bikeways Program Means More Money For Bicycle Projects in Maryland. The Bikeways Program was designed to support transportation trails (Shared-Use Paths), Cycle Tracks, Bicycle Lanes, Shared Lanes, and Designated Bike Routes.

    Planning for Bicycling and Walking
     

    States and Metropolitan Planning Organizations (a planning agency established for each urbanized area of more than 50,000 population) are required carry out a continuing, comprehensive, and cooperative transportation planning process that results in two products.

    1. A long range (20 year) transportation plan provides for the development and integrated management and operation of transportation systems and facilities, including pedestrian walkways and bicycle transportation facilities. Both State and MPO plans will consider projects and strategies to increase the safety and security of the transportation system for nonmotorized users.
    2. A Transportation Improvement Program (TIP) contains a list of proposed federally supported projects to be carried out over the next three years. Projects that appear in the TIP should be consistent with the long range plan.

    The transportation planning process is carried out with the active and on-going involvement of the public, affected public agencies, and transportation providers.

    Bicyclists and pedestrians must be given due consideration in the planning process (including the development of both the plan and TIP) and that bicycle facilities and pedestrian walkways shall be considered, where appropriate, in conjunction with all new construction and reconstruction of transportation facilities except where bicycle use and walking are not permitted. Transportation plans and projects must also consider safety and contiguous routes for bicyclists and pedestrians. Safety considerations may include the installation of audible traffic signals and signs at street crossings. 23 USC Section 217 (g)

    Policy and Program Provisions

    State Bicycle and Pedestrian Coordinators

    Each State is required to fund a Bicycle and Pedestrian Coordinator position in its State Department of Transportation to promote and facilitate the increased use of nonmotorized transportation, including developing facilities for the use of pedestrians and bicyclists and public educational, promotional, and safety programs for using such facilities. Funds such as the CMAQ or STP may be used for the Federal share of the cost of these positions. In most States, the Coordinator position is a full-time position with sufficient responsibility to deal effectively with other agencies, State offices, and divisions within the State DOT.

    Protection of Nonmotorized Transportation Traffic

    The Secretary shall not approve any project or take any regulatory action that will result in the severance of an existing major route, or have an adverse impact on the safety of nonmotorized transportation traffic and light motorcycles, unless such project or regulatory action provides for a reasonable alternate route or such a route already exists.

    Users of a Bicycle and Pedestrian Facility

    Motorized vehicles are not permitted on trails and pedestrian walkways except for maintenance purposes, motorized wheelchairs, and--when State or local regulations permit--snowmobiles and electric bicycles. Electric bicycles are defined for the purposes of this Act as a bicycle or tricycle with a low-powered electric motor weighing under 100 pounds with a top motor-powered speed not in excess of 20 miles per hour.

    Facility Design Guidance
     

    The design of bicycle and pedestrian facilities is determined by State and local design standards and practices, many of which are based on publications of the American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials (AASHTO) such as the Guide to the Development of Bicycle Facilities and A Policy on Geometric Design of Streets and Highways.

    The Federal Highway Administration developed guidance on the various approaches to accommodating bicycles and pedestrian travel, in cooperation with AASHTO, the Institute of Transportation Engineers, and other interested organizations. The guidance included recommendations on amending and updating AASHTO policies relating to highway and street design standards to accommodate bicyclists and pedestrians.

    Bridges

    When a highway bridge deck-on which bicyclists are permitted or may operate at each end of the bridge-is being replaced or rehabilitated with Federal funds, safe accommodation of bicycles is required unless the Secretary of Transportation determines that this cannot be done at a reasonable cost. 23 USC Section 217 (e)

    Railway-Highway Crossings

    When improvements to at-grade railway-highway crossings are being considered, bicycle safety must be taken into account. 23 USC Section 130

    Research, Special Studies, and Reports
     

    SAFETEA-LU continues funding for highway safety research (Section 403), the National Cooperative Highway Research Program (NCHRP) and Transit Cooperative Research program (TCRP), all of which have funded research into pedestrian and bicycle issues. In addition, the legislation creates a number of new research areas, special studies, reports, and grant programs including:

  • A new Surface Transportation-Environment Cooperative Research Program is established to evaluate transportation control measures, improve understanding of transportation demand factors, and develop performance indicators that will facilitate the analysis of transportation alternatives.
  • $500,000 is made available for the development of a national bicycle safety education curriculum.
  • $500,000 per year is made available for grants to a national not for profit organization engaged in promoting bicycle and pedestrian safety to operate a national clearinghouse, develop informational and education programs, and disseminate techniques and strategies for improving bicycle and pedestrian safety.
  • $200,000 is made available for a study of the safety issues attendant to the transportation of school children to and from school and school-related activities by various transportation modes. TRB is identified as the manager of the study, which must be done within 12 months and the panel conducting the study must include bicycling organizations. (Section 4030)
  • A study of transit needs in National Parks and related public lands includes a requirement that the study assess the feasibility of alternative transportation modes. (Section 3039)
  • The Bureau of Transportation Statistics is charged with establishing and maintaining a transportation database for all modes of transportation that will include "information on the volumes and patterns of movement of people, including local, interregional, and international movements, by all modes of transportation (including bicycle and pedestrian modes) and intermodal combinations, by all relevant classifications. (Section 5109)
  • Conclusion

    Bicycling and walking are important elements of an integrated, intermodal transportation system. Constructing sidewalks, installing bicycle parking at transit, teaching children to ride and walk safely, installing curb cuts and ramps for wheelchairs, striping bike lanes and building trails all contribute to our national transportation goals of safety, mobility, economic growth and trade, enhancement of communities and the natural environment, and national security.

    All of these activities, and many more, are eligible for funding as part of the Federal-aid Highway Program. Federal legislation clearly confirms the place of bicycling and walking in the mainstream of transportation decision-making at the State and local level and enables communities to encourage more people to bicycle and walk safely.

    Federal Funding

    Transportation Enhancements

    In 1991, Congress passed the Intermodal Surface Transportation Efficiency Act (ISTEA) to promote balanced, multimodal transportation. The creation of Transportation Enhancements (TE), which have provided funding for more than 24,000 projects, was one of the most important features. Subsequent transportation legislation has expanded the TE program to comprise a 10% set-aside of the Surface Transportation Program, which translates to more than $800 million (FY 2005-2009).

    Funding is available to local governments, communities, and non-profits that have projects directly related to surface transportation. As TE funds are administered to states, the details of individual state programs are different, but each state works with FHWA to ensure that projects meet the specified criteria. Descriptions and state profiles are available through the TE website.

    In addition to relating to surface transportation, projects also must pertain to one of the following twelve eligible activities:

  • Provision of pedestrian and bicycle facilities
  • Provision of pedestrian and bicycle safety and education activities
  • Acquisition of scenic or historic easements and sites
  • Scenic or historic highway programs including tourist and welcome centers
  • Landscaping and scenic beautification
  • Historic Preservation
  • Rehabilitation and operation of historic transportation buildings, structures, or facilities
  • Conversion of abandoned railway corridors to trails
  • Control and removal of outdoor advertising
  • Archaeological planning and research
  • Environmental mitigation of highway runoff pollution, reduce vehicle-caused wildlife mortality, maintain habitat connectivity
  • Establishment of transportation museums
  • TE are administered as a reimbursable cost share program that has standard Federal requirements regarding highways, environmental controls, planning, and accessibility. Generally, applicants can expect an 80% Federal share, but additional funding from other sources can contribute to the 20% required match. Funding administration can vary by state, with innovative measures including advance payment and consideration of the value of local land, services, and materials.
  • Congestion Mitigation and Air Quality (CMAQ) Improvement Program

    The Congestion Mitigation and Air Quality (CMAQ) Improvement Program was created in 1991 under the Intermodal Surface Transportation Efficiency Act (ISTEA) to fund transportation related projects that are designed to reduce traffic congestion and improve air quality. CMAQ has seven major project categories:

    1. Transit
    2. Shared Ride
    3. Traffic Flow Improvements
    4. Demand Management
    5. Pedestrian/Bicycle
    6. Inspection/Maintenance (I/M) and other Transportation Control Measures (TCMs)
    7. Surface Transportation Program (STP)/CMAQ

    Pedestrian and bicycle projects comprise one major product category and account for approximately 13 percent of CMAQ projects. CMAQ Improvement Program funds are available to a wide range of government and non-profit organizations, as well as private entities contributing to public/private partnerships. They are controlled by metropolitan planning organizations (MPOs) and state departments of transportation. Often, these organizations plan or implement their own air quality programs besides approving CMAQ funds for other projects. Funding is available for areas that do not meet the National Ambient Air Quality Standards (nonattainment areas) as well as former nonattainment areas that are now in compliance (maintenance areas). CMAQ-funded projects may include bicycle and pedestrian facility improvements, bicycle racks and lockers, and individualized marketing initiatives that promote bicycling and walking.

    Federal Highway Administration’s (FHWA) Final Program Guidance for the Congestion Mitigation and Air Quality Improvement Program under the Safe, Accountable, Flexible, Efficient Transportation Equity Act: A Legacy for Users provides several examples of eligible nonmotorized CMAQ activities:

  • Constructing bicycle and pedestrian facilities (paths, bike racks, support facilities, etc.) that are not exclusively recreational and have the potential to reduce vehicle trips
  • Non-construction outreach related to safe bicycle use
  • Establishing and funding State bicycle/pedestrian coordinator positions for promoting and facilitating nonmotorized transportation modes through public education, safety programs, etc. (Limited to one full-time position per State).
  • CMAQ-funded bicycle/pedestrian projects can be based around efforts such as bike parking, pedestrian and bicycling promotion, sidewalk or pedestrian improvements and enhancements, bike maps and planning, and education efforts. Bicycle and pedestrian projects often work to improve mobility and access while also improving safety. These projects can help reduce the need for automobiles and provide safe connections for walkers and bikers.

    For more information about CMAQ, take a look at PBIC’s CMAQ FAQ or visit the FHWA program web site. The League of American Bicyclists’ report Congestion Mitigation and Air Quality (CMAQ) Improvement Program provides a chart of project ideas by type, location, and description. A list of currently designated nonattainment areas for all criteria pollutants is available through the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA).

    Recreational Trails Program (RTP)

    The Recreational Trails Program ( RTP) is an assistance program of the US Department of Transportation’s Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) initially created under the Intermodal Surface Transportation Efficiency Act of 1991 (ISTEA). The program was amended by the Transportation Equity Act for the 21st Century (SAFETEA-LU) by increasing the funds significantly.

    RTP is aimed at providing funds to develop and maintain recreational trails and trail related facilities. Funding can be used for both motorized (snowmobiles, four-wheel vehicles, all terrain vehicles, etc.) and non-motorized (pedestrian, bicycling, equestrian, skiing, etc.) recreational trail use.

    Every State administers their own program and develops their own procedures for selecting projects that will receive funding. To assist with the RTP, each State has their own State Recreational Advisory Committee that can either select projects for funding or be solely advisory. Click here for a list of Recreational Trails Program State Administrators.

    In 2009, Congress authorized the RTP for $85 million. Up to $840,000 of this money may be used by FHWA annually to trail related research, program, administration, and technical assistance. Half of the remaining funds are distributed to all States equally while the second half of the remaining funds are distributed in proportion to the amount of off-road recreation fuel use in each State. The money provided to each state must be split between varying recreational trail projects – 30% of funds must be allotted to motorized trail uses, 30% for non-motorized trail uses, and 40% for diverse trail users. For a list of previous funding amounts provided to each state, visit http://www.fhwa.dot.gov/environment/rectrails/recfunds.htm.

    The Federal share of funding for each project from RTP funds is 80%, however a Federal agency project sponsor may endow additional funds provided the Federal share does not exceed 95%. The remaining funds must come from project sponsors or various other funding sources. It is possible for the remaining funding to come from a Federal program in the project is eligible under said program as well.

    As listed by FHWA, RTP funds may be used for:

  • Maintenance and restoration of existing trails.
  • Development and rehabilitation of trailside and trailhead facilities and trail linkages.
  • Purchase and lease of trail construction and maintenance equipment.
  • Construction of new trails (with restrictions for new trails on Federal lands).
  • Acquisition of easements or property for trails.
  • Assessment of trail conditions for accessibility and maintenance.
  • Development and dissemination of publications and operation of educational programs to promote safety and environmental protection related to trails (including supporting non-law enforcement trail safety and trail use monitoring patrol programs, and providing trail-related training) (limited to 5 percent of a State's funds).
  • State administrative costs related to this program (limited to 7 percent of a State's funds).
  • The Coalition for Recreational Trails has compiled a database of RTP projects funded from 1993 to 2009.

    Federal: non-transportation
     

    There is a wide range of other federal funds that can be used for bicycling and walking facilities. The most common include:

  • Funds through federal land agencies such as the National Forest Service, National Park Service or Bureau of Land Management. These funds are primarily for trails and must be on federal lands.
  • Community Development Block Grants through HUD the Department of Housing and Urban Development provides funds for community-based projects. Examples of the types of projects they fund are:
  • Commercial district streetscape improvements
  • Sidewalk improvements
  • Safe routes to school
  • Neighborhood-based bicycling and walking facilities that improve local transportation options or help revitalize neighborhoods
  • The National Transportation Enhancements Clearinghouse has prepared a useful Technical Brief: Financing and Funding for Trails that cites over thirty federal and national funding sources that could be used to help fund bicycling and walking facilities and/or programs, especially trails.

    State: Transportation
     

    Every state raises revenue for highway and transportation infrastructure through a state motor-vehicle fuel tax. Some states also raise funds through vehicle licensing fees. In many states, the laws governing how these funds can be spent would make most pedestrian projects and programs eligible for these funds. However in other states, use of the funds may be limited to providing paved highway shoulders on state owned and operated roads.

    The following are some examples of dedicated funding for pedestrian and bicycle projects from state transportation revenues:

  • Oregon dedicates 1 percent of state gas-tax revenue to providing improvements for bicycling and walking on state-managed highways. Michigan also has a 1 percent law.
    Illinois has a long-standing, annual dedication of $1.50 out of the car title transfer tax, for trail and bicycle pedestrian improvements in local communities; raising up to $5 million annually.
  • California dedicates $1 million from the State Highway Account (gas tax-based), for bicycle transportation improvements, and the amount is scheduled to grow to $2 million in 2001 and 2002, to $3 million in 2003 and to $5 million in 2004. Maximum grants are $250,000.
  • California's Transportation Development Act dedicates 0.25 percent from the statewide 7.75 percent sales tax to public transit support. The funds are returned to the county of origin where the regional transportation planning agency may set-aside 2 percent of the funds for pedestrian and bicycle projects. In San Diego County, where this set-aside has been established, funding levels amount to about $1.7 million per year.
  • A Gubernatorial directive created New Jersey's pedestrian and bicycle facility set-aside in its local-aid program. Municipalities and counties can apply for these funds for local projects. The money comes from the NJ Transportation Trust Fund, which is mostly state gas taxes and highway toll revenue. Spending of funds has lagged, although local requests exceed actual awards for projects. Advocates are currently promoting a provision in the Trust Fund reauthorization bill that would require the NJ Department of Transportation to implement 200 miles of bikeways per year during the 4-year life of the new Trust Fund.
  • California allocates 1/3 of the federal Hazard Elimination monies (a portion of the 10 percent Safety Set-Aside of Surface Transportation Program funds) to projects that encourage kids to walk and bicycle to school. This amounts to about $20 million annually for the next two years.
  • New York State DOT is in the process of creating a grant program for traffic calming projects on Long Island. Towns and villages will apply for the money with specific traffic calming project proposals. The first year of the program will use $3 million of the federal Hazard Elimination funds.
  • Indiana drivers pay extra for special license plates that benefit greenways, open space, parks and trails. In 1995 about $1.9 million was netted from sale of 75,740 plates. The plates cost an additional $35, of which $25 goes to the Indiana Heritage Trust. Maine and Florida use similar license plate fee add-ons for conservation, parks and pedestrian and bicycle program funding.
  • State: Non-Transportation


    A growing number of states are providing funds from non-transportation related revenue streams. However, these funds are not always eligible for the full range of pedestrian and bicycle activities.

    Some examples include the following:

  • Colorado dedicates a portion of its lottery proceeds to trail building.
  • Maryland uses a real estate transfer tax (tax on the sale of residential and commercial property) to raise money for open space acquisition and trail building.
  • The Pennsylvania and Florida state legislatures were among the first to create state funding programs for trail building and open space preservation. Much of the funding is available for local community-sponsored projects. Funds are also used for projects of statewide interest.
  • The Massachusetts Department of Environmental Management (DEM) runs a Greenways and Trails Small Grants Program to award small amounts of funding to local communities with innovative greenway and trail protection projects.
  • Local


    There are many examples of local communities creating revenue streams to improve conditions for bicycling and walking. Three common approaches include: special bond issues, dedications of a portion of local sales taxes or a voter-approved sales tax increase, and use of the annual capital improvement budgets of Public Works and/or Parks agencies.

    Some examples follow:

  • The City of Albuquerque, New Mexico, and Bernalillo County have a 5 percent set-aside of street bond funds which go to trails and bikeways. For the City, this has amounted to approximately $1.2 million every two years. City voters last year passed a 1/4 cent gross receipts tax for transportation which includes approximately $1 million per year for the next ten years for trail development. Many on-street facilities are developed as a part of other road projects.
  • Pinellas County, Florida built much of the Pinellas Trail system with a portion of a one cent sales tax increase voted for by county residents.
  • Seattle, Washington approved a nine year levy (property tax) in the fall of 2006 that provides five million dollars a year for pedestrian and bicycle projects.
  • Denver, Colorado invested $5 million in its emerging trail network with a bond issue, which also funded the city's bike planner for a number of years.
  • Eagle County, Colorado (which includes Vail) voters passed a transportation tax that earmarks 10 percent for trails, about $300,000 a year.
  • In Colorado Springs, Colorado, 20 percent of the new open space sales tax is designated for trail acquisition and development; about $5–6 million per year.
  • For more information, please contact:

    Steve Carr
    Land Trails Planner

    Land Acquisition & Planning
    Maryland Department of Natural Resources
    580 Taylor Avenue, E-4
    Annapolis, MD 21401

    Phone: 410-260-8478
    FAX: 410-260-8404
    steve.carr@maryland.gov

     

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