Caudata

Field Guide to Maryland's Salamanders and Newts  (Order Caudata)


Northern Red Salamander

Family: Northern Red Salamander (Pseudotriton ruber ruber)

Common Name:
Northern Red Salamander

Scientific Name:
Pseudotriton ruber ruber

Habitat photo of Northern Red Salamander courtesy of Rebecca Chalmers
Habitat Photo for Northern Red Salamander courtesy of Rebecca Chalmers


Size:
  • 4¼ - 6 in. 
  • Record - 7⅛ in.

Appearance:
  • Similar in appearance to northern spring and eastern mud salamanders.
  • Red, orange, or salmon colored with dark spots on the back.
  • Eyes are yellow or gold compared to brown eyes of eastern mud salamander.

Habitat:

Habitat photo of Northern Red Salamander courtesy of Rebecca Chalmers
Habitat Photo for Northern Red Salamander courtesy of Rebecca Chalmers

  • In and along streams, often burrowing in soft sediments.
  • May congregate in springs and streams in late fall.

How to Find:

Distribution in Maryland:
Maryland Distribution Map of Northern Red Salamander