Caudata

Field Guide to Maryland's Salamanders and Newts  (Order Caudata)


Northern Spring Salamander

Family: Northern Spring Salamander (Gyrinophilus porphyriticus porphyriticus)

Common Name:
Northern Spring Salamander

Scientific Name:
Gyrinophilus porphyriticus porphyriticus

Photo 1: Adult photo of Northern Spring Salamander courtesy of Lori Erb
Adult Photo of Northern Spring Salamander courtesy of Lori Erb


Size:
  • 4 ¾ - 7 ½ in. 
  • Record – 8 ⅝ in.

Appearance:
  • A large lungless salamander. 
  • Stout-bodied with a keeled tail. 
  • Almond to brownish pink or orange or reddish brown. 
  • Variable patterns may be muted, darker shades. 
  • A light line runs from eye to nostril along a raised ridge.

Habitat:

Habitat photo for Northern Spring Salamander courtesy of Matt Kline
Habitat Photo for Northern Spring Salamander courtesy of Matt Kline

  • Springs, shaded seepages, mountain brooks, wet caves and depressions. 
  • Small headwater streams that lack predatory fish.
  • These animals may move farther from their aquatic home range after rainstorms. 
  • Between 300 and 6,600 feet in elevation.

How to Find:

Distribution in Maryland:
Maryland Distribution Map of Northern Spring Salamander