Caudata

Field Guide to Maryland's Salamanders and Newts  (Order Caudata)


Red-Spotted Newt

Family: Red-Spotted Newt (Family Salamandridae)

Common Name:
Red-Spotted Newt

Scientific Name:
Notophthalmus viridescens viridescens

Photo 1: Adult photo of Red-spotted Newt courtesy of Paul Kazyak
Adult Photo of Red-spotted Newt courtesy of Paul Kazyak

Eft Photo of Red-spotted Newt courtesy of Kerry Wixted
Eft Photo of Red-spotted Newt courtesy of Kerry Wixted


Size:
  • 2¼ - 4¾ in. 
  • Record - 5½ in.

Appearance:
  • A row of red spots, each encircled with a thin black line, runs down either side of the back in both the aquatic adults and terrestrial juvenile “red efts”. 
  • Aquatic adults have olive-green or yellowish-brown backs and creamy yellow bellies with black spots, and have a long, vertically flattened rudder-like tail. 
  • Red efts are orange-red above and below.

Habitat:

Photo 6: Habitat photo of Red-spotted Newt courtesy of Rebecca Chalmers
Habitat Photo for Red-spotted Newt
courtesy of Rebecca Chalmers

  • Aquatic adults are found in vernal pools, ponds, small lakes, marshes and the quiet portions of streams. 
  • Forested habitats must be adjacent or nearby, as the red eft juvenile stage is found in moist deciduous forests.

How to Find:

Distribution in Maryland:
Maryland Distribuition Map for Red-spotted Newt