Discover Maryland's Herps

Field Guide to Maryland's Salamanders and Newts
(Order Caudata)

Long-tailed Salamander
(Eurycea longicauda longicauda)

Adult photos of Long-tailed Salamander courtesy of Rebecca Chalmers
Adult Photos of Long-tailed Salamander courtesy of Rebecca Chalmers


  • 4 - 6 in. 

  • Record - 7 in.

  • Appearance

  • Back may be yellow, orange, or brown with irregularly spaced black spots.

  • Tail is over half the total length of the animal.

  • Tail has two rows of herring bone-shaped markings along the sides.

  • Habitat photo courtesy of Rebecca Chalmers
    Habitat Photo for Long-tailed Salamander
    courtesy of Rebecca Chalmers


  • Under rocks and logs near shaded streams.

  • Sometimes found far from water in forested habitats.

  • Maryland Distribution Map
    Maryland Distribution Map of Long-Tailed Salamander

    Return to Field Guide to Maryland Salamanders

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    Maryland Amphibian
    and Reptile Atlas Project

    "A Joint Project of the Natural History Society of Maryland, Inc. and the Maryland Department of Natural Resources"

    For monthly newsletters of the Maryland Amphibian & Reptile Atlas Project click on Recent Newsletters and scroll down to the MARA Newsletters.

    The Maryland Herpetology Field Guide is a cooperative effort of the MD Natural Heritage Program and the MD Biological Stream Survey within the Department of Natural Resources and their partners. We wish to thank all who contributed field records, text, and photographs, as well as support throughout its development.