Field Guide to Maryland's Lizards (Order Squamata)
Sub-order Lacertilia, Family Phrynosomatidae
Eastern Fence Lizard
Photo of Adult Eastern Fence Lizard courtesy of John White
4 - 7¼ inches.
A strictly arboreal species, it is relatively common in open dry, sandy woodlands, particularly pine woods. It is often found on rotting logs and stumps and or in backyards on rail fences.
How to Find
Active March to November, however more readily observed mid April through August. Most active mornings and evenings when they may be observed foraging for insect prey on the forest floor. Often detected by the sounds of their scurrying through dry leaves. Can readily be caught by hand against a tree trunk, as they typically only climb a short distance, staying motionless on the opposite side of the trunk.
Photo of Eastern Fence Lizard Habitat courtesy of Rebecca Chalmers
Distribution in Maryland
Found throughout the forested areas of Maryland except Garrett County.
Top right: Photo of Ventral Male Eastern Fence Lizard courtesy of Paul Kazyak
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The Maryland Herpetology Field Guide is a cooperative effort of the MD Natural Heritage Program and the MD Biological Stream Survey within the Department of Natural Resources and their partners. We wish to thank all who contributed field records, text, and photographs, as well as support throughout its development.