Deer in Spring Landscape

Rare, Threatened & Endangered Animals

The reports included in this content area identify those native Maryland plants that are among the rarest and most in need of conservation efforts as elements of our State's natural diversity. It includes species occurring in Maryland that are listed or candidates for listing on the Federal list of Endangered Species list, and additional species that are considered rare by the Maryland Wildlife and Heritage Service.

Compiled by Wildlife and Heritage Service staff, these lists of rare species is a result of 18 years of data gathering from numerous sources, such as museums and private collections, scientific literature, unpublished documents, reports from biologists and amateur naturalists.

Rare, Threatened and Endangered Species of Maryland
Plants & Animals Listed by County
(Adobe Acrobat files)

  • Allegany County
  • Anne Arundel County
  • Baltimore City
  • Baltimore County
  • Calvert County
  • Caroline County
  • Carroll County
  • Cecil County
  • Charles County
  • Dorchester County
  • Frederick County
  • Garrett County
  • Harford County
  • Howard County
  • Kent County
  • Montgomery County
  • Prince George's County
  • Queen Anne's County
  • Somerset County
  • St. Mary's County
  • Talbot County
  • Washington County
  • Wicomico County
  • Worcester County
  • photo of Northern Goshawk courtesy of Dave Brinker

    Northern Goshawk
    Accipiter gentilis
    Photograph by David Brinker

    Endangered Animal Fact Sheets

  • American Brook Lamprey
  • Bewick's Wren
  • Bald Eagle
  • Baltimore Checkerspot
  • Belt Woods Canopy
  • Black Skimmer
  • Dwarf Wedge Mussel
  • Frosted Elfin
  • Gray Petaltail
  • Green Salamander
  • Hellbender
  • Indiana Bat
  • King's Hairstreak
  • Maryland Darter
  • Mountain Chorus Frog
  • North American Porcupine
  • Northern Goshawk
  • Northern Saw-whet Owl
  • Olympia Marble
  • Piping Plover
  • Sea Turtles
  • Loggerhead Seaturtle
  • Kempís Ridley Seaturtle
  • Green Seaturtle
  • Leatherback Seaturtle
  • Atlantic Hawksbilll Seaturtle
  • Shortnose Sturgeon
  • Snowshoe Hare
  • Swallow Falls Snag
  • Timber Rattlesnake